Special Events — conferences, festivals, regional jams and workshops

Events are listed in chronological order. For historical interest, see also the list of past events.

18 JUN 2011
to
2 Jul 2011
Spain

To move within physics is to realize your body. To dance with chemistry is to accept your soul. Combining both could be the most exhilarating thing you have ever done. Touch&Play (2010)

To all you Contacters, Touchers and Players out there,

In this second edition of the T&P Festival and first edition of the T&P experiment we hope to take you on a journey exploring the (al)chemical edges of Contact Improvisation. We ask ourselves what happens when we stop ‘dancing’ contact and just start doing it. Can we look beyond the weight sharing, lifts and spirals and find the essence of what it means to be in Contact with someone?

The Touch&Play Festival takes place from 23-27 June in Cardona, a picturesque little village an hour from Barcelona, in a large 14th century aristocratic home converted into an arts centre. Intensive teachers include Felix Ruckert (Germany), Jess Curtis (USA), Karl Frost (USA), Astiko (Germany/Spain), Jessica Walker (Chile/Spain) & Benno Voorham (Netherlands/Sweden). Workshops, labs and more will also be provided by the T&P researchers from the Touch&Play Experiment (18-22 June)

This is the current research line-up:
Robert Anderson (Playful Physics)
Koen van Bisbrouck (Pyschology)
Jocasta Crofts (CI & Tantra)
Rachel Dean (consensus / Safer Spaces)
Xavier Ferreres (Movements of the Soul)
Daniel Hayes (Seduction)
Ralf Jaroshinski (The Soft Man)
Marina Kronkvist (Appetite)
Guto Macedo (Authentic Contact)
Daniel Mang (Post-romantic Dance)
Saskia Mieszkalski (The Bonobo Garden)
Adriana Pegorer (Contango)
Linda Priha (Surrender)
Dieter Rehberg (Idiolect)
Dana Salisbury (Dark Dining)
Sabine Sonnenschein (Tantra & CI)
Joe Stoller (Mutual Bodywork)
Paulina Swiecanska (Jealousy)
Marina Tsartsara (Framing the Senses)
Ulli Witteman (Strong/Bad Contact)
Jamus Wood & Lee Bolton (Undercurrents)

More researchers will be chosen in April. To apply www.2011.touchandplay.org/what/experiment/

After the Festival, Karl Frost will be running a 4-day Intensive called “The Poetics of Touch” from 29th June to 2nd July (www.2011.touchandplay.org/post-festival-intensive-by-karl-frost)

Festival registration opens 12 midnight GMT on Sunday 20 March
Due to the size of the venue there are fewer places available than last year, so we expect them to sell out quickly!

Check out our new website www.2011.touchandplay.org
Sign up to our FB group for updates: www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=251629184517

Touching & Playfully yours,
Daniel Hayes and Jenny Moy

info@touchandplay.org
www.touchandplay.org

CONTACT: http://www.2011.touchandplay.org
Permalink — Updated: Mar 19 2011
28 JUN 2011
to
3 Jul 2011
SÍN Cultural Center, www.sinarts.org, Budapest, Hungary

KONTAKT BUDAPEST 2011

10th International Improvisation Festival

Come and celebrate our 10th anniversay!
Exciting events, conferencing and performances prior to the festival from the 24th to the 27th of June

Invited teachers:
Eva Karczag (NL/H)
Keith Hennessy (USA)
Karen Schaffmann (USA)
Alicia Grayson (USA)
Mirva Makinen (FIN)
Lior Ophir (ISR)
Sabine Parzer (A)
Peter Pleyer (D)
and hungarian teachers

CONTACT: Petra Péter, , http://www.kontaktbudapest.hu
Permalink — Updated: Feb 06 2011
5 JUL 2011
to
10 Jul 2011
1005 Market St, #411, San Francisco, CA 94103 USA

24th Annual West Coast Contact Improvisation Festival
New Skills, New Directions
JULY 5-10, 2011.
An immersion week of Intensives, Classes, Jams,
Group Research and Performance.

REGISTER:
FULL SCHEDULE: http://ci-rf.org
WEX: Work Exchange and Internship Credit is available for all CIRF programs. Roll us an email with “WEX” in the subject line.
INFO: 415-335-6384

Full Festival: $475
Partial Attendance Options:
$225 AM Pass: 10am-12:30pm Intensive only, 5 days
$250 PM Pass: 12:30pm-midnight, 6 days
$85 or $150 Public Days 1-Day and 2-Day Pass: 12:30pm-midnight Fri July 8 and Sat July 9 only.
$45 5-Night Jam and Show Pass: 7pm-midnight, 6 days

CONTACT: 415-335-6384, http://ci-rf.org
Permalink — Updated: Dec 28 2011
8 JUL 2011
to
10 Jul 2011
Hobbemaschool, Hobbemastraat 6, Zwolle, Zwolle , Netherlands

A weekend full of workshops and jams by teachers from the Dutch contact scene. At least three JAMs with LIVE music! and two overnights. With 6 teachers and LIVE music during classes. Different studios and at least 2x two workshops a day. This weekend is suitable for all levels!

Workshops:
- Contactimpro
- Thai yogamassage
- Massage & bodywork
- Tango & CI
- Acrobatics

Teachers
- Enrique van Doezelaar with workshops ‘CI & Tango’ en ‘Physical awareness & CI’
- Kristien Sonnevijlle with workshops ‘Hold you in my arms, from a hug to a contact duet (CI)’ and ‘Instant composition”
- Kees Lemmens with workshops ’The way of the weight (CI) en ’The sense of connection (CI)’
- Sebas van Wetten with workshops ‘Lazy listening legs (CI)’ and ‘Listening & dancing arms (CI)’
- Hans van der Vlis with workshops ‘Playing with distance (CI)’, ‘Acro and bodywork’
- Cathelijn Blankevoort with workshops ‘Thai yogamassage’
- Ron Nieuwerf, Jan den Besten and others with LIVE music

Do you want to come?
Mail your name, address, phone number and the days you want to come to info@contactimprovisatie.nl Your enrollment is secured when you’ve paid the money on bank account 8032428, Om en nabij, Deventer, Holland. Please write:‘CI weekend July 2011’.
IBAN: NL58 PSTB 0008 0324 28
BIC: PSTBNL21

We are looking forward to dance with you!

Cost
- Whole weekend: 180 / 160 euro* (incl. 2x breakfast, 2x lunch, 1x diner and 2x overnight in studio)
- Friday evening: 25 / 20 euro** (JAM with LIVE music)
- Saturday or Sunday daytime 10 – 17 o clock: 90 / 80 euro** (incl. 2x workshop and lunch)
- Saturday evening: JAM with LIVE music. 40 / 35 euro** (incl. diner), 35 / 30 euro** (excl. diner)
- Helpers can get discount – please contact the organisation.

The second price is for people with a lack of money and people who have to travel more then 250 km.

NB: When you cancel the weekend (and you can’t find someone else) we charge you 50 euro and transfer the rest to you. After June 26 th we don’t pay back at all.

CONTACT: Hans van der Vlis, +31 6 12917171, , http://www.contactimprovisatie.nl
Permalink — Updated: Jun 24 2011
10 JUL 2011
to
16 Jul 2011
Leviathan Studio, Lasqueti Island, B.C. V0R 2J0, Canada

Join good company for dancing and discovery. With games, some sweat, and the unique physicality of the contact body we will savour and rock the boundaries between states of allowing and mindful intention. We will explore moving from a base of sensation, dancing with a a shared central axis, seeking ease in going off balance, finding the spontaneous acrobatics of the form and spending more time in nuance, disorientation and extended follow-through.

Participants arrive July10 for dinner. Workshop begins the next morning and continues for five days with an afternoon off midweek. Ending after breakfast on July16

$450/500/550 sliding scale, includes workshop tuition, all meals, camping and transportation on Lasqueti
$75 deposit to hold your space. Balance by June 15
Childcare provided, ages5-12, $100 per child

CONTACT: mark young, , http://leviathan.lasqueti.ca
Permalink — Updated: Feb 26 2011
15 JUL 2011
to
19 Jul 2011
Dancing People Company, 310 Oak Street #5, Ashland, OR 97520 USA

Breathing the Movement – with Mirva Makinen, from Helsinki

Friday, 7/15, 4-8pm
Saturday 7/16, 1-5pm
Sunday thru Tues. 2-6pm
Evening jams also, on Sunday – Tuesday evenings

sponsored by Dancing People Company, 310 Oak St, Ashland, Oregon (Southern Oregon)

Breathing the Movement
· creating a dancing dialogue by using breathing, touch, movement, weight and balance.
· discovering ways to move our centers, moving alone or with a partner. How can we continue movement after losing touch from partner?
· where is movement coming from? where is it going to?
From Mirva: “I tell myself to breathe with all of my questions. In dance I am interested in the feeling of flow and soft movement. I love to investigate movement, its rhythm and different ways of inhabiting the body. A feeling of dancing is created by being able to switch the body from total relaxation to extreme intensity and tension. I call this the body’s ability to breathe and create movement. My ideal is total presence, which makes every moment true and meaningful.”

Mirva is visiting the US from Helsinki, where she performs, choreographs and teaches. She has taught at many international festivals, including Breitenbush, Earthdance, and Skiing on Skin, and is on faculty at the Kallio Performing Arts School in Finland. Dancing People is proud to host Mirva who, in addition to teaching CI, dances with Karttunen Kollektiv, Circo Aero and with Joona Halonen. Mirva is a 2011 Fulbright Scholar.

$250 if registered before July 1st
$300 if registered after July 1st

Special discount for carpoolers! Come in a group of 3 or more and get $15 off each registration.
Ask about housing options, we may be able to help you find a place to stay. But don’t wait – Ashland is busy in the summer, because of the Oregon Shakespeare Festival.

CONTACT: Robin Stiehm, 1-541-488-9683, , http://www.dancingpeople.com
Permalink — Updated: May 28 2011
15 JUL 2011
to
18 Jul 2011
8 de octubre 2709, Montevideo, Uruguay

3er Festival Contact Improvisation Montevideo
15 al 18 de Julio, 2011

talleres con Cristina Turdo (AR), Gustavo Lecce (AR), Fernanda Carvalho Leite (BR), Camillo Vacalebre (BR – IT), Mariana Casares y Ruth Ferrari (UR)

Estamos felices de anunciar que ya están abiertas las inscripciones para el tercer Festival Internacional de Contact Improvisation en Montevideo.
¡ Esta vez será en Julio !

Todos los niveles de experiencia son bienvenidos.
Cupos Limitados

Lugar: Instituto Crandon – 8 de octubre 2709

Costo : Hasta el 24 de JUNIO: US$ 140 – del 25 de JUNIO en adelante: US$ 155

__

Información e inscripciones: montevideocontacto@gmail.com
pronto toda la información también en : www.festivalcimontevideo.blogspot.com


organizan:
Mariana Casares, Catalina Chouhy y Ruth Ferrari

CONTACT: Ruth Ferrari, , http://www.festivalcimontevideo.blogspot.com
Permalink — Updated: Jun 20 2011
16 JUL 2011
to
24 Jul 2011
Moscow, Russian Federation

Dates: 16-24 July 2011.

Festival structure:
July 16 – Teachers performance in Theatre.
July 17 – participants arrival and registration, festival opening. Jam
July 18-19-20 – first three days of intensives, classes and performance research labs.
July 21 – day off, discussions with teachers and evening OPEN JAM.
July 22-23 – intensives and classes resume, closing circle on 23th night.
July 24 – good-bye jam and departure of participants.

Intensive teachers:
Adrian Russi;
Benno Voorham;
Natanja Den Beoft;
Scott Wells.

If you would like to get a discount for participation – you should register before 10th of June. We will find you where to stay on 18th night after teachers performance, please come on 18th!

In addition to the festival itself we organize THREE workshops in Moscow (in the city):
July 9-12 – two simultaneous workshops for all levels with Benno Voorham and Manuela Blanchard.
July 27-31 – contact tango workshop with Leilani Weis.
Large discounts for the workshops are available for the festival participants.

400 euro for early registered

CONTACT: Maria Grudskaya, +7 962 933 83 12, , http://www.contactfestival.ru
Permalink — Updated: Feb 17 2011
19 JUL 2011
to
25 Jul 2011
Terschelling , Netherlands

DANCE, ACROBATIC YOGA, TANTRA, THAI MASSAGE, YOGA AND MORE!!!

Lief voor je Lijf – Zomerzin is a summerfestival on one of hollands sweetest spots. Five days of bliss to prepare your body and soul for a playful summer!!! Workshops in acro yoga, massage, dance& contact improvisation, vocal improvisation, tantra and other delicious body oriented arts. Tasty healthy organic food. Prepare yourself for deep relaxation and a lot of fun! Be ‘Lief voor je Lijf’ and connect once again to your body, nature and each other… Open up to a bright and hot summer season!

Teachers:
Roald Penning, Kristien Sonnevijlle, Cathelijn Blankevoort and others…

Location:
Camping in your own tent in the middle of nature, on a camping of Staatsbosbeheer. You are welcome on tuesday and can stay untill monday (arrange your own food those extra days)

400 euro for food, accomodation and all workshops

CONTACT: Kristien Sonnevijlle, +31 (0)6-28775775, , http://www.liefvoorjelijf.com
Permalink — Updated: Jun 24 2011
25 JUL 2011
to
31 Jul 2011
Leviathan Studio, 123 Sesame St.,, Lasqueti Island, B.C. V0R 2J0, Canada

25
JUL
2011
to
31
JUL
2011
Contact Improv Workshop and Jam with Stu Phillips
Leviathan Studio, 123 Sesame St., Lasqueti Island,, B.C. V0R 2J0, Canada
July 26-30, arrive July25, finish after breakfast on July31

Improvisational Contact, Re Enlivening the Lost Art of Improvisational Dance in Contact

Description: Contact Improvisation consists of two very essential words, the first has become perfected, the second fossilized. In our quest to study contact improvisation, we have become acrobatic with less emphasis on meaning, heart, and soul purpose, so in this exciting dance workshop, we study our way into perfect improvisational dance as an approach to interpersonal dynamics, perfected in the height of expression. We learn to become more comfortable with our own personal expressive tendencies in the moment, not as a pattern of nonsensical athletics, but rather as a rooted expression of what’s really going on for us intrinsically in our selves, in the very moment honing our outer expression of inner impulses bypassing mental patterning, into the wonderful world of truth, as it is known in the unknown, revealed and built upon moment to moment, with focus and acceptance. Our focus is complete depatterning with emphasis upon the real self, moving from personal reality and not concepts, without interruption, with clean approach and aligned focus with our true expression in the moment. This methodical approach consists of simple psychic group guidance, with clean physical, mental or emotional foci unblocking patterned no nos into cleaner expression of focus, with one on one time honing this true alignment with self, moving into being real and watched simultaneously, in relationship with other and self, as duet, trio, quartet, quintet, and so on, so personal truth becomes the only excitement, the method of approach to dance Improvisationally. It always works, eventually, and it will be impossible to disconnect from our true physical and emotional flows, with an “observant” and supportive mental approach enhancing visiblizing our truth to our selves, an enlivening personal experience, transforming into deeper pathways from self.

Experience: Stuart Phillips has been teaching workshops, classes and series in Improvisational Contact Dance in the US and New Zealand for over 24 years, performing Improvisational Contact for same and teaching and performing Improvisational Dance and Theater for over 31 years throughout the US and Canada.

for more details go to http://leviathan.lasqueti.ca and culture or contact markyoung@lasqueti.ca to register
$400-$75deposit, balance by July 15
CONTACT: mark young, markyoung@lasqueti.ca, http://www.lasqueti.ca,
http://leviathan.lasqueti.ca

Classes: They specifically will strengthen personal foci when Improvising, through channelling immediate energy into external showing, or expression. We will start with simply staying in our bodies, moving onto injury prevention through vulnerable focused channelling of personal body systems, move onto tuning into another’s energy system and communicating what that looks like, visiblizing the internal workings of another, once we have a firmer grasp of channelling our own physical systems. From there we move to feeling comfortable manifesting our internal emotional realms into the picture, in solo and relational, in truth, then to dancing our different chakral systems in basic form, becoming comfortable with energetic expression of a variety of emotional, physical, and mental flows, staying true to self, manifesting truthfully through words and action what we perceive is going on for others and more importantly, ourselves, in each moment, and expressing our behavior, tuning into different vulnerable physical foci, emotional truths, mental concentration, verbal channelling, these easily accessible trance states, building on them, and coming to a place where choosing a focus keeps us safe, real, penetrating and powerful all at once, releasing into a thoughtless state of different foci, and relating our dancing from the energy received from each focus, specifically, creating an enormous spectrum of truthful behavior from very specific foci.

Daily: Tuesday – Saturday, 11am – 1pm, 4pm – 6pm, studio available for jamming all other times.
Arrive Monday Dinner, End Sunday Breakfast
All meals, sauna included, b.y.o. tent.
childcare provided,
ages 5-12, $100 per child

$400-$75deposit, balance by July 15

CONTACT: Mark Young, , http://www.lasqueti.ca
Permalink — Updated: Mar 18 2011
26 JUL 2011
to
31 Jul 2011
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Come join us for Malaysia’s first ever international contact improvisation festival. Study intensively with experienced teachers from around the world. There will also be jams at night, a performance night, and participants have the option to live on-site at the venue, which is the beautiful Rimbun Dahan, a residential arts complex situated not far from the city. For the most up-to-date information, kindly visit our website.

List of confirmed teachers
Shoko Kashima (Japan)
Chico Katsube (Japan)
Ming-Shen Ku (Taiwan)
Joey Lehrer (Australia)
Ulla Mäkinen (Finland)

International participants:
Full fee: USD350

Malaysian participants:
Full fee: RM680

Fee covers meals, accommodation, and access to all classes, jams and to the performance.

CONTACT: http://www.contactimprovkl.com/festival
Permalink — Updated: Jan 24 2017
29 JUL 2011
to
7 Aug 2011
Bechyne , Bechyne , Czech Republic

Dreams & Journeys/ Contact-Tango- Voice/Theatre Project
Javier Cura & Moss Beynon Juckes

29th July until 7th of August, Summer Workshop Residency at Bechyně Franciscan Monastery, Czech Republic

We will be holding our 3rd 10 day summer residency program in the historical Franciscan Monastery, in the Bohemian region of the Czeck republic.

The Monastery is placed in the little village of Bechyne, over viewing the valley of the river Lužnice, surrounded by its terraced gardens and natural landscapes. This captivating environment ofers a special opportunity to focus on our creativeness and self awareness. In a journey through games and physical plays we will uncover the stories, images and social myths our body carries. Flowing into the realm of the fantastical we will re-invent these body tales towards possible utopic resolutions.

The monastery’s volts and chambers will be transformed into chapters of a journey book. Each chapter will tell a tale within the journey developing multiple relations between images, dance, sounds, words and the space. In this way we will create a journey towards ourselves and others.To discover our own stories, through training and game playing, we will use a synthesis of forms including elements from Contact Impro, Tango, Martial Arts, Voice-Music work and Physical Theatre.

We shall draw inspiration from the monastery and the surrounding natural environment and in order to open our awareness to nature sounds, perceptions of space, landscape and the elements.

In the end of the week we will share our work with friends, guests and Bechyne villagers through an performance. This performance is not at all compulsory and each one is invited to participate in the way she/he feels like
The Monastery; some facts about the place:

The monastery is a gothic jewel reconstructed in the 15th century by the Franciscan order together with the church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. In this way, it is purposely combining masculine and feminine elements, ofering to its inhabitants a symbolic spatial completeness. In the centre of the building there is a courtyard; a symbolic womb from which all living beings and creatures are born. It is surrounded by a windowed corridor with a unique vaulting, which gives it a surprisingly acoustic resonance.

This was the place where the monks used to walk, sing and meditate. The entire building is surrounded by what had been in the past the vegetable gardens and orchards and now are the terraced gardens that overview the river and the valley. The river fows besides the village and into farmlands, and natural parks. The Monastery’s spatial design and its location seem to metaphorically express the nature that is within and around ourselves. It makes it a special place to rediscover our connection to our primordial natural and animal energies and acknowledge our empathy with all that is a alive.www.mestobechyne.cz/english/monastery/monastery.html

The work will be structured as follows:

Opening day Friday 29th:meeting 6pm. Guided warm up and Open Jam from 7 pm to 9 pm Dinner together. Presentationon saturday Morning 10 am Every day From 10 to 1.30p – contact-tango, contact-impro, physical theatre, rhythms, sounds & voice work Lunch & leisure timeto explore, travel around architectural and natural sites
From 6 to 9pm- shared composition work with the guide and assistance of JavierCura & Moss Beynon Juckes. Short jams. Important Notice:The time schedule will be modifed daily following group needs & agreements. There will be some extra activities suggested
Saturday 6th: open evening and night performance . Sunday 7thmorning sharing & goodbye Jam Finish and leave around 1pm

Javier Cura is an argentine american multidisciplinary artist. He completed his Masters in Modern Literature at Buenos Aires University (Argentina). He then dedicated himself to the Fine Arts and held several art exhibitions of objects, sculptures and installations in Bs.As, Arg. He has performed, directed and created dance theatre shows in Argentina, Colombia, USA, Italy, Germany and Indonesia. He presently teaches contact-tango, physical theatre and contact-improv internationally and regularly visits England, Italy, France, Czech Rep., Germany and Argentina. He has been invited to teach at ZIP Contact Impro Festival at Orvieto, Italy, at the Freiburg Contact Festival in Germany, at Alchemie Tango Festival in Prague, at the West Coast Contact Impro Festival, San Francisco (USA) and at Phantastango Tango Festival in Germany. His last piece that merges tango and contact in a physical-theatre context was presented in Prague, Dance Theatre Farma Festival, in Italy Terni Festival and in Mar del Plata, Argentina. In 2009, he was invited by Fabrik Potsdam Dance Theatre Festival to create a Physical Theatre and Tango show with participants of his workshops. He is currently living in Berlin where he is conducting a research on Contact Improvisation expression at the Berlin Free University. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nM575qk7l2U, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elW1hxzzZDc, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lts3nIA0rmg
Web Links: www.myspace.com/javiercuraworkshophttp://www.javiercuraworkshop.wordpress.com/ Email: javiercura@yahoo.com.ar/ Mobile: 00491636383774 (Germany)

Moss Beynon Juckesis a performing artist and musician born in Sydney, Australia and raised in the U.K. She is currently living in Berlin. Since having fnished a BA in Dance with Theatre and Live Art at Roehampton University she has branched into experimental and socially inclusive theatre and has studied and performed in Wales, Poland, Czech Rep, Denmark, Brazil and Italy. She has performed with touring companies such as Para Active, The Clod Ensemble, Oily Cart Childrens Theatre and The Folkloric and Artistic Troupe of Dhalaristan. She has performed theatre works Disguarded and Product 1 with her own ensemble Hand to Mouth. She has been leading workshops in music, dance and theatre workshop leader and has worked for Taru Arts and The Workshop Network and has been collaborating with Javier Cura. They have worked on movement therapy research for Sickle Cell Disease, international workshops and community performances. She is currently recording her frst Album and has toured Italy, and played festivals such as The Secret Garden Party Festival, 2000 Trees Festival and Glastonbury as a solo artist and as part of a band in the U.K . She has also co -directed a music collective called Beatroot Rendezvous; a platform for original songwriters. Web Link: www.myspace.com/moss-iks www.infamouskaraokestar.wordpress.com/ Email:mossbeynonjuckes@rocketmail.com, Mobile: Moss 004915779399735 (Germany)

Cost & Info:
Cost includes accommodation in shared rooms of two or three people in the attic of an elementary school, a 5 min walking distance from the Monastery. Food is not included in this fee. There is an enormous Kitchen in the monastery for the group where we often cook together and cheap good restaurants nearby.
Payment before 1st of July: Kč 7260,- /300€ Sleva Kč 6770,- /280€ pro studenty
Paying after 1st of July: Kč 7740 / 320€, Sleva( Kč 7260,- / 300€ pro studety)
Payment infos: For people paying inside Czech Republic:
Bank: Českspořitelna Name of account: Patricie Poráková Number of account: 1923675043/0800 Make a Eu-Standard Transfer Very important! Please write this message to the recipient: JCURA and Your Name For people paying outside Czech Republic:
Account holder name: Javier Cura IBAN :DE70 1002 0890 0601 8494 61 SWIFT (BIC):HYVEDEMM488 BANK: HypoVereinsbank Berlin, Germany If you are paying from outside Germany make a EU-Standard-Transfer (which should have no cost). Very Important, add the reason of payment: BECHYNE and Your Name.

CONTACT: moss beynon juckes, , http://www.javiercuraworkshop.wordpress.com
Permalink — Updated: Jun 06 2011